The equivalents given in the table below are from Cardarelli[1]. The sizes given for the smaller units are so close to corresponding British Imperial units that it seems likely that these are in fact the values adopted under British colonial rule.

Name of unit Translation Value in terms of smaller units Value in terms of the meter Value in terms of United States customary measure
angul 0.0190417 0.7497 in.
vistati 12 angulas 0.2285 8.9961 in. = 0.7497 ft
hasta cubit 2 vistatis 0.457 1.499 ft = 0.5 yd
dhanush “orgyla,” fathom 4 hastas 1.828 1.999 yd = 0.001 mi
crosa 2000 dhanush 3656 2.272 mi
gavyuti 2 crosas 7312 4.54 mi
yodjana 2 gavyuti 14624 9.09 mi


  1. Cardarelli, François (1998). Scientific Unit Conversion. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer-Verlag. ISBN 3-540-76022-9. 

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